Comprehension and Executive Function Development
While decoding and fluency are essential components to reading mastery, it is crucial that individuals can remember and synthesize information that is presented both auditorally (by hearing) and visually (by reading). Lindner Learning Center, Inc. is skilled at addressing comprehension and memory weaknesses.

Visualizing and Verbalizing for Language Comprehension and Thinking® (V/V®)

The Nancibell® Visualizing and Verbalizing for Language Comprehension and Thinking® (V/V®) program develops the cognitive imagery that is crucial for memory and comprehension. When students are able to conceptualize mental images that match the content of presented information, they are able to synthesize and understand it more efficiently. Students that may benefit from the V/V® program often need to read or hear information several times before understanding it. A past student described information going in through his eyes or ears and hitting a non stick Teflon© cookie sheet and just “sliding back off”. For this young man, it was as though the information was just not being received and processed efficiently, resulting in poor comprehension even after multiple exposures. Often times this profiled child has a hard time with comprehension, following directions, inferring, predicting, etc. Once cognitive imagery begins to be established, emphasis is placed on developing higher order thinking skills such as predicting, summarizing, inferring, and concluding.


To deliberately address Executive Function development weakness in a student, Lindner offers a wide range of supplementary materials to assist in the acquisition of higher level thinking skills such as:

  • Main Idea
  • Cause and Effect Predicting/Extending
  • Making Inferences
  • Fact or Opinion
  • Context Clues
  • Sequencing
  • Understanding Word Groups
  • Understanding Questions
  • Organizing/Weighing Information 
  • Vocabulary Development (Vanilla Vocab books 1 and 2)
The materials listed above are pathways in acquiring the skills needed under Executive Function to obtain:
  1. Knowledge Acquisition
  2. Comprehension
  3. Application
  4. Analysis
  5. Synthesis
  6. Evaluation